There are many different types of hair loss you can experience in your lifetime. From genetics to stress related hair loss, the cause impacts how the condition should be treated.
A recent poll in the United States found that dermatologists predominantly treat three main types of hair loss: Androgenetic Alopecia, Alopecia Areata, and Scarring Alopecia. Here, we look at these types of hair loss, shedding light on their characteristics, symptoms, and treatment options.
Androgenetic alopecia, commonly referred to as male or female pattern baldness, is the most widespread type of hair loss. It is primarily influenced by genetics and hormones.
Men with this condition often experience receding hairlines and thinning on the crown, whereas women may notice a widening of the parting or generalised thinning. There is no cure for Androgenetic Alopecia, but there are effective treatments to help manage and slow down the condition.
Treatments can range from topical medications like Minoxidil to surgical interventions such as hair transplantation. However, it’s crucial to manage expectations, as this type of hair loss is often progressive and can’t be entirely reversed.
Alopecia areata is an autoimmune condition where the immune system mistakenly targets hair follicles, resulting in hair loss. This type of alopecia often presents as well-defined, round bald patches on the scalp. Although it can affect people of all ages, it often starts in childhood.
Treatments may include corticosteroid creams, injections, or oral medications to suppress the immune response. While the hair may regrow, relapses are common, making ongoing treatment and monitoring essential.
Like Androgenetic Alopecia, this condition doesn’t have a cure.
Although less common, Scarring Alopecia leads to permanent hair loss. It causes inflammation that destroys the hair follicles, replacing them with scar tissue.
Scarring alopecia can result from various causes, including diseases, burns, or infections. Since the hair follicles are destroyed, the condition is generally irreversible, but treatments can halt the progression.
Anti-inflammatory medications, antibiotics, or surgical interventions like skin grafts are often used to manage symptoms and prevent further damage.
Understanding the type of hair loss that you’re experiencing is the first step toward effective treatment. A proper diagnosis will allow for tailored treatments that address the root cause of the condition. If you’re dealing with any form of hair loss, it’s essential to consult a specialist who can provide expert advice tailored to your specific needs.
If you are experiencing hair loss, schedule an appointment with a dermatologist that specialises in hair loss and scalp conditions.