Hair loss, a common concern affecting millions of people across the UK, can occur for various reasons and manifest in different forms. Understanding the specific type of hair loss that you’re experiencing is crucial in determining the most effective treatment approach.
In today’s blog, we’ll explore the different types of hair loss, including Androgenetic Alopecia, Anagen Effluvium, Telogen Effluvium, and Alopecia Areata.
Androgenetic Alopecia, also known as male or female pattern baldness, is the most common type of hair loss. In men, it typically manifests as a receding hairline and thinning at the crown, while women usually experience a general thinning of hair across the scalp.
This condition is primarily genetic and is linked to androgens, hormones that regulate hair growth. Androgenetic Alopecia involves a gradual reduction in the size of hair follicles, leading to shorter and finer hair over time.
Anagen Effluvium is a rapid form of hair loss resulting from medical treatments, such as chemotherapy. These treatments can abruptly halt the growth phase of hair follicles, causing hair to fall out quickly and in large amounts.
The severity of Anagen Effluvium depends on the type and dosage of the treatment received. Typically, hair begins to regrow once the treatment concludes, but the texture and colour of the new hair may differ.
Telogen Effluvium is characterised by excessive hair shedding caused by a disruption in the normal hair growth cycle. This condition often follows stressful events, major surgery, significant weight loss, or serious illness.
Telogen Effluvium occurs when a lot of hair follicles prematurely enter the resting phase (telogen), leading to increased hair shedding. This type of hair loss is usually temporary, and hair growth returns to normal once the underlying cause is addressed.
Alopecia Areata is an autoimmune disorder where the immune system mistakenly attacks hair follicles. This causes it to fall out in small, round patches. The severity of hair loss can vary significantly, from a few patches to complete loss of hair on the scalp (Alopecia Totalis) or the entire body (Alopecia Universalis).
While the exact cause of Alopecia Areata is unknown, it’s often associated with other autoimmune conditions and can be triggered by stress and illness.
Understanding which type of hair loss that you are experiencing is key to receiving the right treatment. Identifying the root cause is the first step towards finding an effective solution.
If you’re concerned about hair loss, schedule an appointment with a dermatologist that specialises in hair loss as well as conditions that affect the scalp.